We all know that Arunachal Pradesh is the northeasternmost state of India. This state is the land of beautiful mountains and lush green valleys.
Most of the geographical terrain consists of deep valleys and evergreen rolling hills supported by the highland plateaus and ridges that rise to the peaks of the Great Himalayas.
Which is the highest point in Arunachal Pradesh?
Kangto Mountain having an incredible height of about 7,060 metres above the sea level is the highest point in Arunachal Pradesh. The Gorichen Peak with 6,500 meters height is the 2nd highest point in Arunachal.
The State of Arunachal Pradesh is bordered by the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland in the South. Along with these, it also shares its international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed border with China in the north at the McMahon Line.
There are so many high hills and valleys in Arunachal that make this a mountain lover’s paradise.
Kangto at glance
- Location in India: West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India
- Location in Tibet: Cona, Shannan, Tibet
- Height of Kangto: 7,060 metres (23,160 feet) approximately
- Position: The highest point in Arunachal Pradesh and the 3rd highest in India
- Geography: Kangto lies in the easternmost part of the Eastern Himalayan Range. It starts from the head of the Pachuk Valley and lies on the McMahon Line.
- How Kangto peak looks from distance: Kangto seems like a gigantic S-curve running roughly from the west to southwest and then from east to the northeast, between the passes of Tulung La and Keshong La in the Eastern Himalayan region of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Kangto – The highest point in Arunachal Pradesh
The Kangto Mountain peak is the highest point in Arunachal Pradesh. In fact, it is the 3rd highest point in India.
The highest point is Kangto which was climbed for the first time in 1981 by a Japanese from Tibet.
Way to its west stands Gorichen Peak (6,500 m), while farther east lie Chomo I and II (6,878 m and 6,710 m) and Nyegi Kangsang (6,983m).
Kangto is a part of the mountains of the Eastern Himalayas that ranges in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. This mountain shares its border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
Kangto has a height of about 7,060 metres (23,160 feet) and ranges towards the East Himalayan mountain range.
Kangto lies directly on the Arunachal Pradesh–China border. It means that this peak is shared between China and India and the McMahon (China & India border) line passes through the middle of Kangto.
Kangto is located in the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. This is the only place in the whole Arunachal Pradesh that remains highy covered in snow all throughout the year.
This virgin peak is the source of the Pachuk river, one of the main tributaries of the Kameng river.
Covered in snow throughout the year, the virgin peak is the source of the Pachuk river, one of the main tributaries of the Kameng river in East Kameng district.
There’s a dispute between India & China
We all know that the the boundary between Arunachal Pradesh and China is claimed by the McMahon line.
The very strange part is that the legal status of this McMahon line is still disputed and disapproved by the Chinese Government.
The dispute between India and China is that, Chinese Governmnet officially disapproves and refuses to agree the McMahon line and strongly claims that the state of Arunachal Pradesh is fully a part of China and not of India.
Whereas, India claims that the McMahon line is the legal boundary between India and China. India claims that everything south of the McMahon line is India’s and that to the north of the line is all of China’s.
This means that Arunachal Pradesh is officially a part of India. And moreover, India’s sovereignty over the area is internationally recognized both geographically and on the official maps as well.
So, what’s the catch? The catch here is that the Kangto Mountain is divided into two halves as per the international Cartography (the study and practice of making maps) and also officially.
The McMahon boundary line passes through the middle of Kangto Peak diving it into two halves.
The north part of the Kangto mountain lies in the Tibetan county of Cona, Shannan while the South part of the Kangto mountain lies in the West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
What about the expedition to Kangto?
Do you know? Kangto Mountain is one of the least known mountaineering zones in the state. It is this range that stops the monsoon clouds resulting in the formation of the Kameng river.
Kameng is a major river and one of the main tributaries of the Dihang River, which is the name by which the Brahmaputra River is known in the region and further.
Some major peaks of the range include Gorichen, Kangto, Nyegyi Kangsang, and Takpa Shiri. These all are considered as holy mountains both in India and Tibet.
Kangto being the boundary between India and China is a very important landmark. So securing the international borders with utmost security is a must and also a very important point to consider.
And it was on October 21, 2016, when the first joint expedition team of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF) of New Delhi had become the first to scale and reach the base of Mount Kangto in the Eastern Himalayas, along the Indo-China border.
It is also to be noted that there is no proper road and transport facilities to reach Kangto. One has to trek through the very-very difficult terrains and high hills and dangerous valleys to reach that place.
So, almost all of the earlier attempts by expedition teams to reach the base of the peak were unsuccessful. And this was the first time on 21 October 2016 when the first successful expedition was done.
What’s the plus point of the expedition to Kangto?
Earlier the tales about Kangto could only be heard from the mouth of the locals. Soon, this expedition brought light to an all new future tourism aspects of the region.
It was discovered that a new way of adventure can be promoted through this part of the country.
Journey and expedition to Mt. Kangto had discovered and explored all new openings towards the development of Eco and Adventure tourism in this region of Arunachal Pradesh which was earlier not possible.
Later after the expedition, the route from Besai Village in the East Kameng district to Mount Kangto base was explored perfectly and opened.
It will thus provide an immense opportunity in the development of eco and adventure tourism in the region.
If we see from the security point of view then it is very important to note that, earlier 54 Border Outposts (BOPs) of the ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police) lied in the East Kameng district, and with the opening of the route, the more BOPs will be set up for patrolling in this region. Thus, securing the northeastern India’s border more and more.
Such a move is likely to annoy Beijing, which claims Arunachal Pradesh to be part of China.
Other mountain peaks close to Kangto
|Sl No.||Mountain Peak||Height||Estimated Distance from Kangto|
|1.||Gori Chen||6,500 m||10 km|
|2.||Nyegyi Kansang||6,983 m||15 km|
|3.||Kula Kangri||7,538 m||196 km|
|4.||Gangkhar Puensum||7,570 m||205 km|
|5.||Tongshanjiabu||7,270 m||224 km|
|6.||Gompe Utse||5,240 m||251 km|
|7.||Noijin Kangsang||7,206 m||260 km|
|8.||Mt. Jitchu Drake||6,662 m||267 km|