Jodhpur is one of the very famous tourist attraction of India. It is also stated as the second-largest city and officially the second metropolitan city of the state of Rajasthan, India.
While you may be wondering why this bustling city is so closely associated with just the blue color. So, keep reading this post and we will get you clear.
If you stare at the aerial view of Jodhpur, you can easily define it due to its blue appearance. The blue color distinctly defines this city on the edge of the Thar Desert.
The fact is that Jodhpur is not only known as the blue city but, it’s also called the sun city of India.
Distinctly speaking, it is only at the old Jodhpur where you can witness the vivid blue colors painted in the walls of the houses a lot more than anywhere else.
Why Jodhpur is known as the blue city?
Here, are the Top 10 Superb Reasons you must know about. These will surely give you a clear cut answer as to why Jodhpur is known as the blue city of India.
So, without any further ado let’s get started…
#1. Bright and sunny weather all around the year
The houses in Jodhpur are painted in blue to reflect the scorching heat the city bears throughout the year. The blue color is a good reflector of sunrays thus it keeps the houses cool. Due, to this reason Jodhpur is also known as the “Blue City of India.”
Jodhpur which is one the city of India receiving the highest solar power per unit area. This makes it one of the hottest places in India as well.
Jodhpur is also known as the sun city of India due to the fact that it receives bright and sunny weather all throughout the year. Thus to keep the houses cool, the walls are painted in blue color.
This is the most common reason according to the locals. If you ask them, they will simply say that to keep the houses cool blue color is used on the walls of the houses.
As we all know that generally, all colors absorb and reflect heat, however, different colors do it better or worse than others. Typically, lighter colors reflect more heat and darker colors absorb more heat.
The fact that the blue color reflects the majority of the heat of the sun. Thus this may be the main cause of keeping house cooler in the town of Jodhpur.
In Jodhpur, during the summers, the temperature remains quite high as up to 44° to 51° celsius. Being located amidst the desert land, Jodhpur becomes extremely hot during the summer season.
While in the winters the temperature is between 35° to 37° Celcius during the day time. The weather during night time is pleasant and awesome.
That’s a quite high temperature as compared to the other Indian cities.
Jodhpur experiences a high diurnal range of temperatures as it’s located in the presence of a huge amount of desert sand area.
#2. Owing to the sacredness of blue color
The locals of Jodhpur consider the blue color as very sacred. This color is associated with Lord Shiva who during the time of Samudra Manthan swallowed the deadly poison ‘Halahala’, in order to save the planet. This resultantly turned his neck blue. Owing to its sacredness, the people of Jodhpur have painted their houses in blue thus making it the “Blue City of India.”
According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva has many alternate names and one of them is Neelakantan. Neelakantan means having a blue neck.
There’s a story behind this. After Indra, the king of devas of heaven was been gifted a flower garland from the mighty sage Durvasa. Indra disrespected his gift and threw it away.
Learning about this, sage Durvasa got very angry and resultantly he cursed Indra and the other devas of heaven to become very old and weak.
As a result, each of them became very old and physically too weak. They all became powerless and devoid of all fortune.
They moved to Lord Vishnu for help and he said the only remedy for this would be to churn the Ksheersagar (the otherworldly ocean made of milk). Churning the Ksheersagar is also known as Samudra Manthan.
Churning the ocean will give out ‘Amrita’. After drinking, ‘Amrita’ will bring back life to the devas of heaven and they will become immortal. Amrita is also known as the nectar of immortality.
The largest snake Vasuki was used for churning the ocean of milk. This eventually resulted in releasing a number of things from the ocean like various gems, stones, animals, and later on a very deadly poison called Halahala.
Lord Shiva, swallowed down this very deadly poison called Halahala, in order to save the planet.
This venom turned his neck blue. Thus, from that instance blue is considered a very sacred color according to the Hindus.
Due to the sacredness, a lot of the people that have been settled in Jodhpur painted their homes in blue colors.
#3. This is the city of the priestly caste of India
The blue color is associated with the Brahmins and the blue houses of the Jodhpur city belong to families of that caste. According to the Brahmins, the blue color indicates them as the priests of the Indian caste system and also differentiates them from the lower-caste communities.
Jodhpur the mysterious blue city has always been associated closely with the Brahmins which are India’s priestly caste. The blue houses of the old city belong to families of that caste since the time immemorial.
The Brahmins have always been considered as the priestly caste of India as according to the Hindu caste system. This color defines the social status of the Brahmins of Jodhpur.
As the local people say that the Brahmin community painted their homes blue so as to differentiate themselves from those of the lower-caste communities and since that time, blue became mostly associated with the Brahmin people.
This priest caste also considers blue color a very auspicious one. And, you can witness this very well as the blue colored housed are mostly concentrated near the fort.
Once you reach the old Jodhpur part you will eventually notice these buildings as Brahmin homes. The majority of the houses linked together and well following the same blue color pattern.
You will get so many chances to glimpse into the houses while walking through the streets of the older Jodhpur city.
A number of the doorways stay open, allowing an insight into the inner side of Rajasthani household life. You will witness that not only the outer walls but also the majority inner walls of the houses are painted in blue.
Next, while you walk through lanes of the old Jodhpur city just be sure that the majority of the blue colored houses belong to the Brahmins people.
#4. Easy availability of Limestone & Copper Sulphate in Jodhpur
Limestone and Copper Sulphate is easily available here in and nearby the surrounding of the Jodhpur city of Rajasthan. Blue paint is produced as a mixture of copper sulphate and limestone. This mixture is used to paint the houses in blue color and it’s also a very budget-friendly way of doing so. Thus making Jodhpur the “Blue City of India.”
Geographically, Jodhpur is located in such a location in Rajasthan where Limestone & Copper Sulphate is easily available.
Copper is an abundant mineral in Rajasthan thus Copper Sulfate is very easily available here.
Limestone is also easily available in the vicinity of Jodhpur, due to this it is the cheapest option available for the construction of the houses.
The blue color is a mixture of limestone and copper sulphate that is easily found here. Limestone is a common construction material in Jodhpur and has been used in many of the palaces and homes.
Historical pieces of evidence of Indigo Plantation have also been seen in Jodhpur and nearby regions. Indigo plants are highly used here for making out the blue color for painting the walls of the houses.
Copper solutions under certain conditions produce blue compounds and this was true of the materials applied to the exterior of Jodhpur’s houses.
#5. Blue color keep the houses damage-free
People here use the mixture of Copper Sulphate and Limestone to keep their houses damage free from the termites and other insects. They paint their houses with this mixture which later on under some conditions turns blue. Thus imparting blue color to the houses and making it the “Blue City of India.”
Termites are those insects that mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung.
Termites damaged many historic structures and buildings in the Jodhpur city. These termites used to destroy the walls and structures made up of lime mixture.
Limestone and Copper Sulphate can be easily found in the vicinity of Jodhpur.
It was discovered that Copper Sulphate is an effective compound to repel these insects. It was seen that termites were repelled by copper salt compounds when was added in low concentrations to the limestone.
And, in fact, copper sulphate when mixed with limestone under specific conditions turns blue, providing the houses the renowned blue color.
Later, it became a practice to color the houses in blue using this technique which as a result also makes the houses damage-free from the termites.
Nowadays, this technique isn’t used everywhere in Jodhpur. Although, the majority of the people in the main old Jodhpur city follow this technique a lot.
That’s also the reason why you can see the majority of houses in the old main city of Jodhpur as blue.
These days, a new trend is being followed in Jodhpur. The walls of the houses are plastered with the famous ‘Jodhpuri sandstone’. It shines in sunlight giving a royal look to the buildings. These types of houses can be witnessed in the new Jodhpur city.
#6. Historical evidence of Indigo Plantation in Jodhpur
Indigo dye is an important dyestuff which produces a unique shade of blue color. Various historical pieces of evidence regarding the plantation of the Indigo plant (Indigofera tinctoria) can be seen nearby Jodhpur. As the easy availability of this plant could be a possible reason for painting the houses in blue during the old times thus making it the “Blue City of India”.
As history speaks, various evidence of Indigo plantations has been seen in and near the vicinity of Jodhpur and various other locations of Rajasthan, India.
During the early period, India was renowned for the manufacturing and processing of the Indigo plant (Indigofera tinctoria) for dyeing, printing, and painting purposes.
Indigo is also among the characteristic colors of Rajasthan’s best-known crafts like the hand block-printed fabrics and hand-made blue pottery. You can witness those in cities like Jodhpur, Jaipur, etc. of Rajasthan.
Indigo plantation in Jodhpur and nearby regions were famous during the early days.
Indigo dye thus has been used for imparting blue color to the houses which gave the city the blue effect and its pride.
#7. Blue denotes Jodhpur’s glory
From the very ancient days, the blue color had been used to paint the houses. This can be seen in the old part of the city. As a part, blue color denotes Jodhpur’s glory and makes it stand out from the other Indian cities. This could also be a possible reason for painting the houses in blue thus making it the “Blue City of India”.
The old town is a wonderful example of vivid colors providing a photogenic backdrop to everyday life. The impression of the blue color is quite a lot here.
The majority of the houses in the old Jodhpur city is with blue walls. This has been a word of pride for the people here.
Some people say that the blue color is associated with the Brahmins, India’s priestly caste and the blue houses of the old city belong to families of that caste.
While others have defined various other theories to explain why the houses are blue in Jodhpur, and why it’s known as the blue city of India.
Nevertheless, blue had already become the pride of the city. The history of Jodhpur speaks a lot about this color.
The old city has kept its glory for being blue from the very ancient times and is still continuing today.
The city has still kept its past glory intact. The name and fame are still intact as that of the past.
Jodhpur which is being known as the “Blue City of India” is due to these houses which have still kept the blue walls to keep its name.
This practice makes Jodhpur well-known by a very short, striking, and memorable phrase- the “Blue City of India“.
#8. Maintaining the tradition from generation after generation
People have been painting their houses in blue from very old days during the reigns of the Maharajas. This made the painting of the houses in blue color a part of Jodhpur’s tradition and culture. At present, people still maintain this tradition from generation after generation. This also could be a possible reason for painting the houses in blue thus making it the “Blue City of India”.
The knowledge of Indian culture and tradition must be made to the new generation. And Jodhpur is a fine example of this.
The blue walls of the houses denote the same. This color denotes the credibility, calming, clean, focused, professional, judicial, power, and business-like environment of the old city.
That’s the tradition of Jodhpur and is still continuing till today. The old city still maintains the blue colored houses as their great-great-grand elders did during the reign of the Maharajas of Jodhpur.
The blue houses define the traditions of the communities there. It defined the boundaries of the city area near the Mehrangarh Fort.
Not all Jodhpur is painted blue, only the old town area near the Mehrangarh Fort has buildings mainly painted in blue hues.
When you stand at the top of the Mehrangarh Fort and gaze down at the blue houses below you will surely witness the tradition of painting the houses in blue.
Houses were being painted in blue. And, this practice is still continuing as of today.
And, that’s how the people of the old Jodhpur city have been maintaining the tradition of painting the houses in blue from generation after generation.
Hoping that this tradition will be able to stay in the coming future as well!