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Is India Hot or Cold? All You Must Know!

India has a varied climate and different weather conditions across its vast geographic scale and varied topography.

In many locations there are different microclimates as well, making it one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world.

Is India hot or cold?

India is both hot and cold. Hotness and coldness typically depend on the region you are visiting. Not every part of India is hot and not every part is cold.

Some parts remain hot throughout the year, while some parts remain cold. Some regions get both cold or hot depending on the annual seasonal variations.

On, the other hand some areas remain hot during the day time and remain cold during the night time. In some regions, the temperature even falls below -40° C as well.

So, if you are planning a trip to India or just curious to know about its hot or cold weather then, do read this post.

We have covered it all here to give you an overall idea about the degree of hotness and coldness in India.

So, let’s first understand what’s the main difference between weather and climate is

Climate is a sum total of all the weather conditions and atmospheric variations that prevails in a large area for a long time (suppose 30+ years). Climate doesn’t change for years. For example: Just like we say the climate of India is monsoon type.

Whereas, the weather is the state of the atmosphere over an area at any given period of time. Weather can change throughout the day. For example: Just like we say the weather is hot during the day, the weather is cold at night and so on.

Hot or Cold: Based on the climates of India

India shows hot or cold weather based on the region or state you are traveling to.

For instance, if you see the North hilly regions of India show the extremely cold type of climate during the wintertime, while the summers remain cool and awesome.

On the other hand, the parts of Rajasthan and the majority of South-India shows extreme hot season during the summertime.

However, if you go anywhere in a high altitude region in India, you will feel cool and breezy climatic variations all throughout the year.

India is a vast country that shows variation in its climatic conditions based on its geography. You will eventually find both hot and cold regions in India.

Based on the Koppen system, India hosts six major climatic subtypes. These are:

1. Mountane Type: (Remains cool throughout the year and extremely cold during the winters)Regions lying in India’s northernmost fringes experience montane climate.

2. Humid Sub-tropical: (Not so hot in summer and not so cold in winters) Most of Northeast India and much of North India experience a humid subtropical climate. 

3. Tropical Wet and Dry: (Summer are extremely hot and winters remain hot at daytime with a bit coolness at night) These are the regions that remain both hot and cold experiencing both hot and dry types of climate.

4. Tropical Wet: (Summer are comparably hot and winters are moderately cold and comfortable) This type of climate covers regions experiencing persistent warm or high temperatures, which normally stay above 18 °C.

5. Semi-arid: (Summers are very hot and winters remain moderately warm during the day and lack of rainfall during the monsoon season) Regions lying in the Southern parts of Rajasthan and Gujrat.

6. Arid: (Both summers and winters are hot and humid) Regions lying to the northern and western parts of Rajasthan and Gujrat.


Hope, you have got an overall idea about the climatic variation of the state and about its hotness and coldness.

Now meanwhile, for more information, you can have a look at the India Climatic Zone map below

India map showing different climatic zones of India
India map showing different climatic zones of India

Hot or Cold: Based on the seasons in India

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons in India. These are:

1. Winter (From December to early April):

It is the coldest season of the year. In the northern part of India at high altitude hills, heavy snowfall occurs and the temperature can even fall below -4°C. The regions near the high altitude hills, the temperature remains between 10–15 °C. And near the mainland, the temperature ranges between 20-25 °C.

2. Summer or Pre-monsoon season (April to July):

During the summer season, the areas of the high altitude northern hills remain cool and breezy with fresh air everywhere. The low lying plains suffer from extreme heat with the hot and dry wind. The coastal regions remain hot during the day and cool at night time.

3. Monsoon or Rainy season (June-September):

This is the time when everywhere in India except the parts of Gujarat and Rajasthan receives relatively good amount of rainfall. The temperature tends to remain between 21-31°C on average during the rainy times and eventually get higher a bit if the rain stops for two to three days resultantly.

4. Post-monsoon season (October-December):

The time between the winter and the monsoon season. This is the best time when its neither too hot or so cold. The temperature remains moderately comfortable everywhere. The weather during the season is characterized by high day temperatures, but nights are pleasant with the mean minimum temperature going down to 20°C or even lower.


Is it hot or cold in India: Based on Location

As we all know that, India being a very vast nation has its temperature variation all throughout the country.

So, in order to get an overall idea about the hotness and coldness of India, let’s first know the place you will be visiting to.

Depending on your region of choice we can say how hot or cold that part of India is.

So, India can be divided into 7 different regions:

1. North India: Includes Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, and Rajasthan

2. South India: Includes Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana

3. Central India: Includes Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh

4. West India: Includes Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, and Maharashtra

5. East India: Includes Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal

6. North-East India: Includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim

7. The Islands of India: Includes Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Lakshadweep Islands

India Map Showing Different parts of India
India Map showing different parts of India

In Central India:

StatesSummerWinter
Chhattisgarh40°C – 50°C
(Very Hot)
13°C – 25°C
(Cold)
Madhya Pradesh40°C – 27°C
(Very Hot)
18°C – 29°C
(Cold)
Uttarakhand22°C – 11°C
(Moderately Cool)
8°C – 19°C
(Very Cold)
Uttar Pradesh36°C – 40°C
(Very Hot)
10°C – 22°C
(Very Cold)

In North India:

StatesSummerWinter
Chandigarh33°C – 41°C
(Very Hot)
8°C – 20°C
(Very Cold)
Delhi35°C – 47°C
(Very Hot)
6°C – 20°C
(Very Cold)
Haryana33°C – 41°C
(Very Hot)
8°C – 20°C
(Very Cold)
Himachal Pradesh7°C – 17°C
(Cool)
-5°C – 6°C
(Very Cold)
Jammu and Kashmir8°C – 26°C
(Cool)
-1°C – 9°C
(Extremely Cold)
Ladakh-6°C – 2°C
(Extremely Cold)
-15°C to -8°C
(Extremely Cold)
Punjab33°C – 41°C
(Very Hot)
8°C – 20°C
(Very Cold)
Rajasthan43°C – 50°C
(Very Hot)
18°C – 28°C
(Moderately Hot & Cool at night)

In North-East India:

StatesSummerWinter
Assam24°C – 36°C
(Hot)
31°C – 20°C
(Cold)
Arunachal Pradesh20°C – 30°C
(Comfortably Hot)
10°C – 19°C
(Very Cold)
Manipur18°C – 29°C
(Comfortably Hot)
7°C – 19°C
(Very Cold)
Meghalaya18°C – 24°C
(Comfortably Hot & Breezy)
7°C – 17°C
(Very Cold)
Mizoram18°C – 24°C
(Comfortably Hot & Breezy)
7°C – 20°C
(Very Cold)
Nagaland18°C – 25°C
(Comfortably Hot & Breezy)
7°C – 18°C
(Very Cold)
Tripura18°C – 24°C
(Comfortably Hot & Breezy)
12°C – 19°C
(Very Cold)
Sikkim16°C – 26°C
(Comfortably Hot & Breezy)
7°C – 17°C
(Very Cold)

In East India:

StatesSummerWinter
Bihar30°C – 41°C
(Very Hot)
11°C – 22°C
(Very Cold)
Jharkhand28°C – 35°C
(Hot)
11°C – 23°C
(Very Cold)
Odisha27°C – 36°C
(Hot)
15°C – 24°C
(Cold)
West Bangal28°C – 35°C
(Hot)
18°C – 25°C
(Cold)

In West India:

StatesSummerWinter
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu27°C – 33°C
(Hot)
20°C – 30°C
(Moderately Hot, Cool & Breezy)
Goa25°C – 36°C
(Hot)
23°C – 33°C
(Moderately Hot, Cool & Breezy)
Gujarat32°C – 41°C
(Hot to Very Hot)
15°C – 28°C
(Moderately Cool)
Maharashtra28°C – 39°C
(Hot)
17°C – 25°C
(Cool)

In South India:

StatesSummerWinter
Andhra Pradesh27°C – 35°C
(Hot)
17°C – 25°C
(Cool)
Karnataka20°C – 30°C
(Hot)
16°C – 26°C
(Cool)
Kerala24°C – 30°C
(Hot)
23°C – 32°C
(Cool)
Puducherry27°C – 36°C
(Hot)
23°C – 29°C
(Cool)
Tamil Nadu27°C – 37°C
(Hot)
23°C – 29°C
(Cool)
Telangana27°C – 35°C
(Hot)
17°C – 25°C
(Cool)

In The Islands of India:

StatesSummerWinter
Andaman & Nicobar26°C – 30°C
(Very Hot)
24°C – 30°C
(Moderately Cool)
Lakshadweep27°C – 30°C
(Very Hot)
27°C – 29°C
(Moderately Cool)
India map showing the average annual temperatures across India
India map showing the average annual temperatures across India

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (Ganga Ghat) During Summer Season Sunset Time

Final Words

Not every part of India is hot. Only the arid and semi-arid regions are hot.

India stands closer to the equator, with the Tropic of Cancer running through the center of India. Most of its part is within the tropical region.

Moist tropical climates are known for their high temperatures and a large amount of rain around the year.

And, due to the high temperature, tropical regions are hot and due to a large amount of rainfall, tropical regions are humid as well.

The areas lying close to the equator are hotter than those away from it.

If you want cold and breezy weather both in the summer and wintertime, then you can visit the Northern part of the country which is covered with high-altitude Himalayan and Karakoram ranges. This is the reason behind the chilled climate in that region.

High altitude hilly places anywhere in India are characterized by cold and breezy weather all throughout the year, irrespective of its region.

Just for instance take the example of Ooty, Kodaikanal, etc. which is located in Tamil Nadu, experiences cold and comfortable weather all throughout the year. It’s because of its high altitude hilly regions.

Whereas other costal to plain regions of Tamil Nadu remains with moderately hot to very hot weather all throughout the year.

The coastal areas remain hot during the day time but get’s cool and breezy at night time.

On the other hand, if you will visit the northernmost tip of India, you will find extremely high altitude regions with extreme cold (below -15°C) that remains covered with snow at any time of the year.

So finally, it can be concluded that India is not only hot but cold as well. It is a mixture of many climates. You will find the cooler temperature in the north and go to the south mostly hot temperate climate. Come to the east it’s not the too hot not too cold type of climate. And go to the west you will love the dessert which remains hot at day time but cool at night.

From deserts to hills to the plains, there’s so many awesome places to choose for. India has it all to satisfy your trip and mood and your comfortable nature.

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