Are You Planning To Travel Assam? Here’s The Guide That Can Help You
Information At Glance
- Location: Assam is located in the Northeast of India.
- Total Area: 78,438 sq. km
- Capital of Assam: Dispur
- Languages Spoken: Assamese, Bodo, English
- Climate: The climate of Assam is a ‘tropical monsoon rainfall’ type, which is characterized by high levels of humidity and heavy rainfall.
- Best time to visit: October to November
- Best way to travel: By Train, Bus, Car, Auto-rikshaw
- Famous festivals: Magh Bihu, Bohag Bihu, and Kati Bihu
- Type of Location: Green, wild, and hilly
- Recommended no. of days to travel: 8-12 days
Let’s Know A Bit About Assam
Assam is also known as ‘Asom’ or ‘Akhom’. It is a very nature-loving state located in the northeast of India. This is also the gateway state to enter Northeast India.
It is one of the most serene and beautiful states which is mostly known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The cultures, wildlife, and biodiversity are so, so, and so much that it can lure you to learn more about it.
This state shares its borders with Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, and West Bengal. It also shares its international borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan.
Covering a total area of about 78,438 sq. km it is situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. This made it possible to have a vast stretch of fertile lands along with the surrounding hills.
This is how it came to be known as the land of the red river and blue hills. If you just look at the map of Assam you can witness the valley which shows the Barak Valley extending like a tail, along with the presence of Karbi Plateau and North Cachar Hills.
Assam is mostly famous for tea gardens, one-horned rhinoceros, Digboi oil refinery, Bihu festival, Assam silk, Bhoot Jolokia, Kamakhya temple, Majuli island, Umananda Island, National Parks, and Wildlife Sanctuaries, Brahmaputra river, Ahom monuments, and many more.
It is also famous because of its historical glories, diverse cultures, world heritage sites and outstanding diversity of various tribes and the people.
It is also a very popular tourist hotspot. The famous wildlife locations like the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Nameri National Park, etc. attracts a lot of tourists from all over the world.
Also if you look back to its history, it can show you the very rich cultural heritage of the Ahom Dynasty. Many historical monuments like the Rang Ghar, Kereng Ghar, etc can be visited here.
There’s a lot more to know about Assam. Keep reading this post and eventually keep learning more about Assam all at a glance before you make a visit to this pretty awesome state.
★ READ MORE: What Is Assam Famous For? Must Read!
Have A Look At The Monthly Weather Forecast Of Assam
|NO.||MONTH||SEASON||MINIMUM (avg)||MAXIMUM (avg)|
15 Interesting Facts About Assam
- The Kamakhya Temple located at the Nilanchal Hill of Kamakhya in the city of Guwahati, Assam is the oldest and most powerful of the total 51 Shakti Pithas present in India. These 51 Shakti Pithas are those sacred places and temples of worship that are dedicated to Goddess Shakti or Sati.
- The world’s largest riverine island, Majuli is situated here. Majuli is the largest riverine island in the world, as mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records.
- The world’s smallest riverine island Umananda Island is also located here. This island on the river Brahmaputra is well-known as the world’s smallest inhabited riverine island.
- Assam connects the rest of northeastern India with the mainland of India via. a small strip of land which is known as the Siliguri Corridor. The Siliguri Corridor, or Chicken’s Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometers, located in the Indian state of West Bengal.
- Digboi Oil Refinery located in the Tinsukia district of Upper Assam is also known as the oldest oil refinery in Asia.
- Assam is mainly known for the production of Assam silk. It is the pride of Assamese culture, outfit, and attire.
- Basically, three types of silk are produced in Assam. These are the Eri Silk, Muga Silk, and Mulberry Silk. Muga Silk is a type of golden silk that is produced only in Assam and is in huge demand all over the world.
- Saualkuchi is a small town in the Kamrup district of Assam and is honored as the Manchester of Assam. Sualkuchi is the textile center of Assam.
- Assam is considered the largest tea producing state in the whole world. There are more than 800 tea estates and 90,000 small tea gardens in Assam.
- Assam State Zoo located in Guwahati is the largest natural zoo in North-East India.
- Assam is also famous for the One-horned rhinoceros which is an endangered species. It cannot be so easily seen anywhere else except in the Kaziranga National Park of Assam.
- Bhoot Jolokia also known as the red naga chili is one of the hottest chilies in the world. This is also cultivated majorly in the state of Assam.
- Assam is the home of the Brahmaputra River. It is the youngest and the third largest river in the world and also one of the biggest rivers in India.
- Bihu is the main festival of Assam. It is celebrated 3 different times in a year as Magh Bihu, Bohag Bihu, and Kati Bihu.
- There are 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Assam. These are- Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park.
Why Visit Assam?
7 Major Reasons To Travel Assam
- Explore The Wildlife: There are a total of 5 National Parks and 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. Wildlife tourism in Assam is one of the most famous things to do. Assam is well known among the many wildlife holiday destinations in Northeast India. The wilderness of Assam is the home to some of the rarest and unique collections of species.
- Explore The Mesmerizing Tea Estates: One of the most important parts of Assam’s culture and economy are the tea estates. Come here and learn more about the tea culture. The scenic tea gardens of Assam is a must-visit for every tourist. Tea is so important here that there’s a dedicated festival named the ‘Assam Tea Festival’, held in the month of November every year in Assam.
- Witness the unique culture: Come here and explore the unique tradition and culture of the people of Assam. The culture of Assam is so unique, fraternal, peaceful, and awe-inspiring. You can witness the culture and tradition in everywhere from festivals to culture. The culture and tradition of Assam is a wonderful mix of the faith, beliefs, and history of the state.
- Feel the taste of the local cuisine: Try the local cuisines of Assam and share it with the world. The local cuisine of Assam is mainly centered around rice items. The Assamese pitha, khar, tenga and kharali are some of the most important food to taste. The food and cuisines of Assam is mainly due to the confluence of varied cultural influences that has led to the interesting variety and flavors in the Assamese food.
- Arts & Crafts of Assam: Assam is known for its fine craftsmanship that is centered around bamboo, cane, and wooden artifacts. From the golden Muga silk sarees to the various metal and brass items it has a lot to show to the travelers. Mask making is also an essential part of the art and craft of the state.
- Pilgrimage: The pilgrimage regions of Assam has a lot to offer. There are several minds owing pilgrimage destinations in Assam. From several Vaishnavite monasteries in Majuli to Kamakhya Temple to Powa-Mecca, Christ Church, and the Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib there are so much to seek the blessings of God.
- Hill Stations: Assam is blessed with scenic beauty and natural heritage that surrounds the hills of this region. The amazing sightseeing tours and tourism surrounding the various hills of Diphu, Sualkuchi, Lilabari, Halfong, Jatinga, Marigaon, etc. are some of the picturesque and eye-soothing hill stations to visit in Assam.
Best Time To Visit
Want To Visit Assam? Know The Very Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit Assam is during the month of October to November. During this time of the year, the autumn season prevails here.
Autumn is the best season to explore Assam because this season is too comfortable to empower your traveling goals. The weather remains neither too hot nor too cold, it just remains fantastic.
Thus, if you would like to explore the state of Assam at the comfort of your tour, you must opt between October to November. The state has so much to deliver to you during this time of the year.
Autumn in Assam starts with the end of the monsoon and continues until the initiation of winter. The praiseworthiness of nature during this season is also one of the main reasons that attract a lot of vivid travelers during this time of the year.
★ READ MORE: What is the best time to visit Assam? Must Read!
Famous Cities in Assam
|1.||Guwahati||Largest city of northeast India|
|2.||Majuli||Legest river island in the world|
|3.||Tezpur||Its rich history, old temples, forests, and wildlife|
|4.||Dibrugarh||Indi’as original tea city|
|5.||Sivsagar||Ahom palaces and monuments|
|6.||Silchar||Its scenic beauty and natural splendor|
|7.||Haflong||One of the best hill station|
|8.||Jatinga||Birdwatching & Mysterious Bird Suicide|
|9.||Saualkuchi||Textile center of Assam|
|10.||Dispur||Capital of Assam|
|11.||Hajo||Ancient pilgrimage centre for Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims|
|12.||Umananda Island||Smallest river island in the world|
|13.||Assam State Zoo||Largest zoo in Northeast India|
|14.||Jorhat||Tea capital of India|
|15.||Diphu||Least-known but a very beautiful hill stations of Assam|
|16.||Umrangso||One of the most scenic hill stations in Assam|
|17.||Maibang||Another scenic and mesmeric hill station in Assam|
|18.||Mayong||Known for its black magic and history|
|19.||Dhemaji||Known for its serene location, paddy fields, the temples and culture|
|20.||Karimganj||A small hill station known for various hill ranges namely Adamail range, and Duhalia range|
Famous Waterfalls in Assam
|1.||Akashiganga Waterfall||Dabaka, Hojai||Largest waterfall in Assam|
|2.||Sivakunda Waterfall||Amsoi Hills, Morigaon||One of the famous weekend getaways in Assam|
|3.||Kakochang Waterfall||Near Kaziranga||One among the best tourist places in Jorhat region of Assam|
|4.||Tegheria Waterall||Tegheria||A very famous picnic destination|
|5.||Champawati Kunda Waterfalls||Chapanala, Nagaon||One of the popular waterfalls in Assam|
Famous National Parks in Assam
|1.||Kaziranga National Park||Kaziranga||One horn rhinoceros, tiger, swamp deer, water buffalo, elephant and a large number of bird species|
|2.||Manas National Park||Baksa||Wild Buffalo, roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur, pygmy hog, etc|
|3.||Orang National Park||Darrang and Sonitpur districts||Rhino, tiger, water buffalo, elephant, etc|
|4.||Dibru-Saikhowa National Park||Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts||Feral horses, clouded leopard, dhole, Malayan gaint squirrel, gangetic dolphins, etc|
|5.||Nameri National Park||Sonitpur||Elephants, tigers, leopards, gaurs, wild pigs, sambars, etc|
Famous Wildlife Sanctuaries In Assam
|1.||Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary||Karbi Anglong|
|2.||Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary||Kathalguri|
|3.||Bornodi Wildlife Sanctuary||Udalguri District& Baksa District|
|4.||East Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary||Diphu|
|5.||Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary||Chakrashila Hill|
|6.||Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary||Sonitpur|
|7.||North Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary||Karbi Anglong|
|8.||Hoollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary||Mariani|
|9.||Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary||Sonitpur|
|10.||Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary||Pabitara|
|11.||Panidihing Bird Wildlife Sanctuary||Sivasagar|
|12.||Bherjan-Borajan-Padumani (BBP) Wildlife Sanctuary||Tinsukia|
|13.||Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary||Karbi Anglong|
|14.||Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary||Karbi Anglong|
|15.||Nambor Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary||Golaghat|
|16.||Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary||Guwahati|
|17.||Borail Wildlife Sanctuary||Dima Hasao|
|18.||Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary||Dibrugarh & Tinsukia|
Famous Pilgrimage Sites in Assam
|1.||Kamakhya Temple||Nilachal Hill, Guwahati||Dedicated to the mother goddess Kamakhya. It is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas|
|2.||Sri Purva Tirupati Balaji Temple||Guwahati||The statue of the deity is carved out of a single rock weighing 4 tonnes|
|3.||Dargah of Ajan Pir||Saraguri, Sivasagar||Samadhi(Tombstone) of the legendary Muslim Saint ‘Ajan Pir’|
|4.||Poa Mecca||Hajo||One of the most important pilgrimage destination for Muslims in India|
|5.||Navagraha Temple||Guwahati||It is a set of nine Hindu temples with each one dedicated to one of the 9 major celestial bodies|
|6.||Basistha Ashram Temple||Sandhyachal Hills, Guwahati||This is the holy ashram of the famous Hindu saint Maharishi Vashishta|
|7.||Umananda Temple||Umananda Island||Shiva Temple located in smallest inhabited riverine island|
|8.||Hayagriba Madhava Temple||Hajo||A sacred Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage site|
|9.||Satras of Majuli||Majuli||Famous site of the Vaishnava religious creed|
|10.||Shiva Dol||Borpukhuri, Sivasagar||Famous for Siva Dol, Vishnu Dol, and Devi Dol shrines, and a museum|
|11.||Tilinga Mandir||Bordubi, Tinsukia||This temple has the largest collection of bells|
|12.||Da Parbatia Temple||Da Parbatia Village, Tezpur||One of the oldest Hindu temples in Assam that dates back to 6th century AD|
|13.||Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar||Jorhat||One of the famous namghar of Assam|
|14.||Kedareswar Temple||Hajo||A significant medieval temple dedicated to Lord Shiva|
|15.||Negheriting Shiva Doul||Golaghat||DEediacted to a 3 feet diameter ‘Bana Linga’.|
Famous Historical Sites in Assam
|1.||Talatal Ghar||Sivasagar||An army base, that is famous for housing two underground secret tunnels|
|2.||Surya Pahar||Goalpara||A stretch of shivlingas approximately expanding up to 1 km|
|3.||Khaspur||Silchar||The ruins of the great Dimasa kingdom|
|4.||Charaideo||Sivasagar||Burial fields of the king and members of the Ahom dynasty|
|5.||Rang Ghar||Sivasagar||It is one of the oldest surviving amphitheatres of Asia|
|6.||Sivasagar Borpukhuri||Sivasagar||A large human-made tank of Assam|
|7.||Lachit Borphukan Maidan||Jorhat||Is the grave of the great Ahom worrier Lachit Borphukan|
|8.||Agni Garh||Tezpur||Well-known as the mythological romance site of the grandson of Lord Krishna ‘Aniruddha’ and ‘Usha’ the daughter of the asura king Banasura|
|9.||Bamuni Hills||Sonitpur||A famous archeological site known for the ruins of Assam’s mythological hisoty|
|10.||Sukapha Samannay Kshetra||Jorhat||A memorial built in the memory of Sukapha, the first Ahom king of Assam|
|11.||Deopahar||Numaligarh||A well-protected Archaeological Park and museum|
|12.||Panbari Mosque||Dhubri||The oldest and a very holy mosque in Assam|
|13.||Kareng Ghar||Sivasagar||Royal House of the Tai-Ahom kings|
Best Things To Do
Some Of The Awesome Things To Do In Assam
- Travel to Assam to visit Majuli, the largest river island in the world. There are so many things to do in Majuli.
- Explore and admire the beautiful tea gardens of Assam.
- Explore the handloom industry in Sualkuchi.
- Explore the wilderness of Assam. The Kaziranga National Park is a must place to visit.
- Visit the various holy and pilgrimage sites. Kamakhya Temple is one of the must-visit temples in Assam.
- Go for a boat ride or cruising in the wonderful and scenic beauty of Brahmaputra River, one of the longest rivers of the world.
- Go to visiting the various buildings and monuments of the ancient Ahom Kingdom. Sibsagar is a must-visit place. It has some of the most famous historical attractions of Assam like Rang Ghar and Karen Ghar.
- Come here and feel the custom and traditions of Bihu. Bihu is a seasonal festival of Assam which is celebrated thrice in a year to welcome and appreciate the offerings of different seasons.
- Taste the food and cuisines of Assam. Indulge yourself into tasting the various local delicacies that have a lot to cover.
- Explore the various hill stations of Assam. Haflong is a must-visit hill station.
- Travel to Mayong to explore the out of the world Black magic and rituals.
- Pay a visit and discover the religious town of Hajo.
Famous Food Of Assam
A Few Of The Famous Food & Cuisines To Taste In Assam
- Khar: Actually, Khar is not a dish but a very popular ingredient used in the majority of Assamese food and cuisines. It is organically prepared using baking soda along with banana peels and finally burning it and mixing the ash into the water and filtering it.
- Masor Tenga: This is a very popular tangy fish curry that is made with everything sour like raw mango, Elephant Apple, etc. and yet it magically turns out to be delicious and tangy to taste. Fish is the main part of this dish. The taste is too delicious as it makes the melting effect once entered into the mouth.
- Duck Meat: Duck meat curry is a very special food in Assam that is cooked with awesome spices and vegetables. It is generally cooked with Ash Gourd but one can also cook it sesame, pumpkin, lentil and more.
- Ou Khatta: Ou-khatta is a delicious sweet, tangy, and sour jelly type sauce (chutney) that is made out of elephant apple and jaggery. It is prepared with Ou-Tenga (elephant apple) along with mustard seeds and jaggery. This is highly enjoyed as an after-meal dish in Assam.
- Aloo Pitika: This is another very popular dish in Assam. It’s actually made with mashed potatoes along with mustard oil, onion, salt, and coriander. It is indeed one of the most simple dishes to cook and yet one of the most enjoyable ones.
- Silkworm: Silkworm fry or Silkworm soup is yet another very popular and tasty food to taste if you are in Assam. The silkworm larvae are the main part of this dish. It is one of the most delicious dishes of Assam food.
- Pigeon Meat: Pigeon meat curry is another favorite dish in Assam. It’s mainly prepared with banana flowers and is said to keep the body warm in winters.
- Chicken with Bamboo shoots: Chicken prepared with bamboo shoots and lentils is another very popular and tasty dish in Assam. Another very popular style of cooking chicken is by adding papaya to it which adds huge sorts of mouth-watering taste to it.
- Rice Payash: Rice Payash is prepared with rice mixed with ghee, dry fruits, and milk that adds a sweet taste and melting feeling to this sweet dish. It is actually a dessert that is very popular after lunch.
- Rice Pitha: Rice Pitha is a locally home-prepared dish that is a very popular snack time dish, usually eaten at breakfast or with evening tea. This is usually sweet to taste with coconut mash filled inside the rice roll.
Festivals Of Assam
Some Of The Well-Known Festivals Of Assam
|1.||Magh Bihu||January||All over Assam||It is a harvest festival and marks the end of harvesting season.|
|2.||Rabha Hajong Chandubi Festival||January||Chandubi Beel, Kamrup||This festival showcases the Rabha Hajong ethnic culture|
|3.||Junbeel Mela||January||Dayang Belguri at Joonbeel, Morigaon||The only fair in India that follows the barter system to trade goods|
|4.||Me-dam-me-phi||January||All over Assam||This festival shows respect to the departed ancestors of Ahom dynastry|
|5.||Karbi Youth Festival||February||Diphu||This festival showcases the Karbi ethnic culture.|
|6.||Ali-Aye-Lrigang, Dhemaji||February-March||Dhemaji||This festival showcases the ethnic culture of the Mishing community of Assam.|
|7.||Urus at Aajan Pir Dargah||February-March||Sivasagar||Thousands of devotees come here to pay homage to the great Muslim saint ‘Aajan Pir’|
|8.||Maha Shiva Ratri||February-March||All over Assam||Huge fair is orgainzed in the various Shiva temple and pilgrim sites|
|9.||Doul Utsav (Holi)||March||All over Assam||A festival of colour and happiness|
|10.||Rongali Bihu||April||All over Assam||Very famous Spring festival of Assam|
|11.||Sanken Festival||April||Balipathar, Bokajan||A famous festival of the Buddhists|
|12.||Bohaggiyo Bishu||April||All over Assam||The most fascinating spring festival of the Deories|
|13.||Buddha Purnima||May||All over Assam||Birthday of Lord Buddha|
|14.||Ambubasi Mela||June||Maa Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati||This festivals marks the begining of the menstruation course of Goddess Kamakhya.|
|15.||Bathow Puja||July-August||Bodoland, Assam||An important religious festival of the Bodo-Kacharies community of Assam|
|16.||Karam Puja||August-Spetember||All over Assam||An agricultural festival celebrated by different tea tribes of Assam|
|17.||Durga Puja||Sepetember-October||All over Assam||A 4-5 days festival worshipping Goddess Durga|
|18.||Kati Bihu||October-November||All over Assam||This festival celebrates the growing stage of the paddy fields|
|19.||Felcon Festival||October-November||Umrangsu, Assam||Karbi, Dimasa and other tribal groups showcases their ethnic culture and tradition in the festival|
|20.||Majuli Festival||October-November||Majuli Island, Jorhat||The biggest river island in the world. It showcases the culture and tradiiton of Majuli|
|21.||Rass Mahutsav||November||Nalbari, Assam||One of the famous festival of Nalbari|
|22.||Assam Tea Festival||November||Jorhat||Showcases the various tea culture and traditon of Assam|
|23.||Judima Festival||December||Haflong||This festival showcases the ethnic culture, tradition, dance, and art form of Dimasa tribals living in Dima Hasao district.|
|24.||Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur||December||Dhubri||One of the famous festival of the Sikhs in the Gurdwara of Sikhs in Dhubri|
|25.||Dehing Patkai Festival||December||Lekhapani, Tinsukia||Showcases tribal fairs, tea heritage tours, golfing, adventure sports, and wildlife pleasure trip centered around the Dehing river and Patkai range|